Eczema is a red, scaly, itchy skin rash. It is the most common inflammatory disorder of the skin. There are several types of eczema, the 3 most common types are:
- Atopic eczema
- Seborrhoeic dermatitis - a type of eczema affecting the scalp, face and chest
- Contact dermatitis - when irritants such as soap, detergents and plants can cause eczema
Atopic eczema is a common form of eczema that usually will develop around the four month mark. It effects around 15% of infants with the majority of children growing out of it. It tends to run in families and a child with atopic eczema may also have other allergies such as hayfever, asthma or food allergies.
Triggers for eczema include house dust mites, moulds, grass pollen and animal dander (cats and horses). If Children are allergic to dairy products, eggs, wheat or peanuts these may also trigger eczema. Atopic eczema cannot be cured in the short term, but the rash and itch can be controlled.
Treatment for controlling Atopic eczema
- Treat dry skin with non perfumed moisturisers
- Getting hot will aggravate the itch
- Cooler and shorter baths
- Avoid soaps and detergents
- Avoid itching as this will make it worse
- Avoid any foods that you think trigger the eczema